The Island of Haïti is one of the four major islands of the West Indies. It is divided into two republics: Republic of Haïti, and the Dominican Republic (east of the island).
Haïti has two official languages: French, which is the principal written & administratively used language, and Creole, which is virtually spoken by the entire population of Haïti. Haïtian Creole is one of the French-based creole languages and is closely related to French, but is also influenced by African languages, as well as Taino, Spanish, English, Portuguese and Arabic.
Haïti is divided into “Départements” (or what we would call here in the USA “States”). Those départements are further divided into “Arrondissements” (Counties), which are subdivided into “communes” (Cities) and “sections communales” (suburbs).
Haïti has a total of 10 Départements, 42 Arrondissements, and 140 Communes. Click on the links below to open a brief profile of each Department.